Manganese is a very important, alkaline-forming, regulatory mineral. Healthful forms of manganese are found in many natural foods. It is a very essential mineral, needed for dozens of enzyme reactions in the body.
Deficiencies. Most people are deficient in vital manganese compounds because:
1) They are born low in manganese due to deficiencies in their mothers
2) They eat refined or chemicalized foods that contain little manganese
3) They eat too much raw food such as salads. Human beings cannot extract enough manganese from these foods because we cannot break down the tough vegetable fibers.
Valence. Manganese has a valence of +2 or +3 (similar to iron and copper, to which it is related).
A female mineral. Dr. Eck classified manganese as an older ‘female’ element in the body. He called it the maternal mineral because animals fed diets low in manganese exhibit less maternal behavior toward their young, and may abandon them completely.
Toxic manganese. A highly toxic form of manganese is found in gasoline. This means that anyone living in a city, or living near a highway, is exposed every day to a toxic form of manganese that can replace the good forms of manganese in the body, to some degree.
Welders are often exposed to another toxic form of manganese, as well. Toxic forms may have a valence of +4 or +6. This may explain why welders sometimes exhibit bizarre and violent behavior. A number of the school shooting rampages in the United States and other nations have been committed by welders. This is explained later in this article.
ROLES IN THE BODY
FUNCTIONS OF MANGANESE
Nervous system – synthesis of neurotransmitters
Reproductive system – fertility
Endocrine system – required for normal adrenal and thyroid gland activity
Skeletal – tendons, ligaments, connective tissue
Metabolic – energy production, glucose tolerance, utilization of fats and carbohydrates
Detoxification – involved in superoxide dismutase
ENZYMES THAT REQUIRE MANGANESE
MANGANESE DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS
ringing in the ears
fractures or osteoporosis
weak ligaments and tendons
MANGANESE TOXICITY SYMPTOMS
schizophrenia (often unemotional behavior, however, unlike a copper-based schizophrenia)
Extreme criminal behavior (psychopathology)
Parkinson’s disease, or symptoms similar to it. Manganese often accumulates in the pons and cerebellar region of the brain
Manganese madness (seen in manganese miners)
Hearing loss. Manganese can accumulate in the area of the ears.
(Toxic manganese has an affinity for the head and for the ears)
zinc, choline, vitamin K
Absorption – calcium, phosphorus, iron, soy protein, iron, many other minerals
Metabolic – copper, magnesium, iron, vanadium
HAIR ANALYSIS NOTES
Reasons for high hair tissue manganese:
Low hair tissue manganese: